Invoking Motive, Means & Opportunity Is Not A Strong Argument For The Presence Of Widespread Voter Fraud

Stating that Democrats had the motive, means and opportunity to carry out massive voter fraud in this recent election is not evidence of voter fraud. It’s not even a strong argument for massive voter fraud. At best, it is a sign post towards investigating possible voter fraud. Claiming that voter fraud is hard to prove is not a strong argument on behalf of widespread voter fraud. Most great accomplishments are difficult. Statistical correlations and regressions are not strong arguments for massive voter fraud. At best, they are sign posts pointing towards possible fraud.

As prosecutor Vincent Bugliosi noted in his book Reclaiming History: The Assassination of President John F. Kennedy:

Many conspiracy theorists embellish the motive argument to prove that a particular group killed Kennedy, by saying that it had the “motive, means, and opportunity” to do so. They present this almost as a prosecutorial legal brief, but in my years as a prosecutor I never once used the phrase and personally don’t know any seasoned prosecutor who has, although I assume some do and I am aware of this legal colloquialism. Much more so than motive, “means and opportunity” are virtually worthless as evidence of guilt (unless, of course, you can show that no other living human, or very few other living humans, had the means or opportunity).

To illustrate how empty the concept of motive, means, and opportunity is, let’s take the Kennedy assassination. Any of the thousands of citizens of Dallas who hated Kennedy with a passion would have had a motive to kill him. And any of them who owned a gun or a rifle had the means. And if they were anywhere along Kennedy’s motorcade route, they would have the opportunity. Again, “motive, means, and opportunity” hardly gets one to first base. As indicated, even if all three are present, a prosecutor still has to show that the person or group who had them committed the crime. Indeed, a prosecutor’s focusing heavily on motive, means, and opportunity is almost an implied admission by him that he has very little evidence that the defendant did, in fact, commit the crime.

About Luke Ford

I've written five books (see My work has been noted in the New York Times, the Los Angeles Times, and 60 Minutes. I teach Alexander Technique in Beverly Hills (
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